To decide what kind of roof you want to make for your hive, you want to consider your local climate conditions.
If you live in a place where it’s rather warm or temperate and you receive little rainfall, a flat roof is appropriate.
If you live in a place where you get a lot of rain, you probably want to consider a gable roof with an overhang.
If you live in a place with extreme cold, think about making a Warré-style quilt with a gable roof.
At any rate here are a few designs to get you thinking.
The Original Flat Design:
Simple flat roof
This roof can be built with six 1″ x 4″ boards. Cut the boards so that they are 62 cm. long. Nail them directly to the top super.
Flat Roof Design with Overhang:
This design is somewhat reminiscent of a Langstroth roof and is commonly used throughout central Chile. A tarp or other impermeable material can be attached to the exterior of the roof if you like.
This may take a bit more time to make, but if you’re in a corner of the world where you see more rain than sun, it’s a good option.
You can put a cover board or cloth between the top super and the roof if you wish, but most of the time it shouldn’t be necessary.
The exception is if you place a small swarm in the hive; because it is weak it may try to make the brood in a smaller higher space – like the roof.
Making a Gable Roof in Images